Qatar, is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. A strait in the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island country of Bahrain, as well as sharing maritime borders with the United Arab Emirates and Iran.
Over 2.3 million people
Unitary constitutional monarchy
International calling code
Qatar is a high income economy and is a developed country, backed by the world's third largest natural gas reserves and oil reserves. The country has the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar is classified by the UN as a country of very high human development and is the most advanced Arab state for human development.
Mr. Sheikh Abdulla Bin Nasser Bin Khalifa Al-Thani
Transportation in Qatar
Doha has a comprehensive road network made up primarily of two and three-lane dual carriageways (divided highways). As a result of Doha being a relatively young city circling a central area, a majority of main streets are inordinately wide highway-like motorways that usually include service roads and large medians. While traditionally roundabouts have been used as intersections in the city, they are being rapidly phased out for signalized intersections as they are proving ineffective at regulating the increased traffic flow in turn overloading the city's road network. Most major roundabouts have been either converted to intersections or interchanges.
There are five main highways connecting Doha to its neighboring cities. These are the Dukhan highway to the west of the city, the Al-Shamal Road, connecting Doha to the north of the country, the Al‑Khor Expressway, connecting Doha to the northern town of Al‑Khor, and the Wakrah/Messaid Road, connecting Doha to the south of the country. Finally, Salwa Road runs through south Doha and connects the city to the Saudi border to the south of the country.
These highways are all currently undergoing expansion, and are being expanded within Doha itself.
Doha Expressway (D‑Ring Road/Al Shamal Road)
The Al Shamal-Road has traditionally connected to the D‑Ring Road in Doha, a three-lane dual carriageway that connects the city on a north-south axis. The Al Shamal Road is also undergoing significant expansion as part of the Doha Expressway project. The road is being expanded into a four-lane highway (a total of eight lanes) with major interchanges which will better serve the country than the existing two-lane dual carriageway. Furthermore, the new Doha Expressway will connect Doha with the planned Qatar-Bahrain Friendship Bridge at al‑Zubara, connecting the two Persian Gulf states in a similar manner Bahrain and Saudi Arabia are currently connected.
The Lusail expressway is expected to connect the new city of Lusail, currently being constructed north of Doha, to central Doha, along with connecting the Pearl Island to the mainland. The expressway is expected to take the path along the former Istiqlal Road, now Lusail Street, and will be a 4‑lane dual carriageway passing through the city. The expressway will extend from Lusail City, through Rainbow roundabout, the Qatar Sports Club roundabout, and the fire department roundabout.
The existing Dukhan highway has been undergoing a reconstruction project for several years, with new interchanges having been constructed and the road being significantly expanded. In the future, it is planned to expand the highway so that it connects directly into Doha through a system of underpasses and overpasses, with plans to replace the Tilted Roundabout, the Markhiya Roundabout, and the TV Roundabout, all major roundabouts in Doha, with underpasses and overpasses.
The Salwa Highway project's first phase has been completed. This phase involved the expansion of the highway, which connects Doha to the southwestern town of Salwa on the Saudi Arabian border, into a four-lane highway with grade separated interchanges. The rest of Salwa Road is expected to be expanded and upgraded, from the recently completed Industrial Area Interchange to the Jaidah flyover, including the construction of an underpass at the Ramada signals, Doha's busiest traffic light intersection. This project is not expected to commence until after the completion of the Doha Expressway.
The F‑Ring Road will be the sixth ring road in Doha, and is being constructed as part of the transportation network leading to the New Doha International Airport. The new highway will connect the airport to the corniche at the new Ras Abu Aboud interchange, currently under construction, and will involve a new ring road south of the E‑Ring Road.
· Al Rayyan, Al Rayyan Marine Terminal
· Al Shaheen, Al Shaheen Terminal
· Doha, Port of Doha
· Halul Island, Port of Halul Island
· Mesaieed, Port of Mesaieed
· Ras Laffan, Port of Ras Laffan
Qatar Rail’s answer to Qatar’s transportation challenges lies in three major projects:
• The Doha Metro: a mostly underground rail network which connects communities within Doha and its suburbs
• The Lusail Light Rail Transit (LLRT): a tram network providing comfortable and convenient travel within the new city of Lusail
• The Long Distance Passenger and Freight Rail: connecting cities in the north and west with Doha, and the country with the forthcoming GCC rail system
Once all the projects are completed by 2030, the three networks will act as one integrated system, allowing passengers to easily transfer between them.
To meet its mandate, Qatar Rail has been given the responsibility to:
• Develop the railway sector regulatory framework
• Develop railway standards, that includes safety, environment, and customer service
• Managing costs and feasibilities
• Appoint and oversee the programme management consultants to ensure timely delivery and quality of service
• Integrate the rail network with other pre-existing modes of transport
• Develop railway sector policies (including fare policies) and strategies
• Enforcing regulations and standards on all rail service operators
The Doha Metro is very improminent and visible project in Qatar. It will serve both the capital and the suburbs with all major locations within easy and convenient reach. Most of the Doha Metro lines will be underground, so tunnelling plays a major role in construction. Qatar is using specialized equipment known as tunnel boring machines (TBMs) to dig the underground sections. This means that there is very little disruption to life on the surface.
The metro system will be built in two phases: the first will see the construction of three out of the four lines (Red, Gold, and Green) and 37 stations. These lines are expected to be open to the public by 2020. The second phase will be completed by 2026, and will involve the expansion of the phase one lines, and the construction of an additional one – the Blue Line. Another 72 stations will also be built.
Stations play an important part – both practically and culturally – of any metro system. Architecturally, the stations will reflect the heritage of the country, with a ‘vaulted spaces’ design inspired by traditional Bedouin tents. The largest station, Msheireb, will fall at the heart of the Doha Metro with the Red, Green and Gold lines all meeting at this point.
Qatar Rail is overseeing the construction of Qatar’s multi-billion dollar state-of-the-art integrated rail network. The company will then oversee the management, operation and maintenance of the country’s rail network.
Three major projects make up Qatar Rail’s responsibilities: the Doha Metro, the Lusail Light Rail Transit (LRT) network, and the Long Distance Passenger and Freight network, which will be connected to the wider GCC rail network.
The planned national network will unify all railways in Qatar and will be connected to neighboring countries to create the region’s first fully integrated rail system. By combining traditional elements with modern features, these programs will generate the region’s most comfortable, reliable, and safe railway system.
The Long Distance Passenger and Freight Rail will serve to connect residents to not only other cities in Qatar, but to population centers in the rest of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries that includes Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, the UAE, and Oman, through the proposed regional rail network. This rail network will have positive ramifications on the country’s environment through the reduction of greenhouse gases as a single journey effectively replaces the need for hundreds of cars and trucks to take the same trip.
The Long Distance Passenger and Freight Rail network consists of five main lines:
• Freight line from Mesaieed Port to Ras Laffan.
• Mixed line (passenger and freight) from Doha to Dukhan.
• Mixed line from Doha to Al Shamal.
• Mixed line from Doha to Saudi Arabia.
• High speed passenger line from Doha to Bahrain.
Phase 1 includes construction of nearly 143 kilometres of operational railway track with 34 turnouts (main tracks), one station, three freight yards, one intermodal yard, 59 bridges and 36 culverts (a tunnel for a road or drain going under a road or railroad). The scope of work comprises civil works (earthworks, bridges, culverts, track works, freight yards, intermodal yard and passenger station, its architecture and MEP), railway systems manufacture, installation and integration of equipment; manufacture and supply of rolling stock, and railway operation and maintenance.
To be developed in distinct phases, the Long Distance Passenger and Freight Rail network will cover a distance of 350 kilometres at a speed ranging between 220 and 270 kilometres per hour for passenger trains and 120 kilometres per hour for freight trains.
The network will be executed over four phases, with plans to initiate the enabling works in 2015 and complete the fourth and final phase in 2030. After completion of this network will include lines to Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the new port, and Hamad International Airport outside of Doha.
Lusail Light Rail Transit
Lusail City, just north of Doha, is a visionary waterfront development currently under construction. Designed to be an environmental and self-sustaining community, the city will have residential and commercial developments, including schools, medical facilities, shopping centers, and more.
In line with the vision of Lusail, the Lusail Light Rail Transit (LLRT) network will serve the residents of the city by providing an environmentally-friendly mode of transportation that will not only connect destinations within Lusail, but also to Doha by way of the Doha Metro.
The 38.5 kilometer LLRT is on schedule, and will have:
• Four lines.
• Approximately 15 km of double-track and 5.5 km of single track, 10 km of underground double track (cut and cover) sections, and an underground storage south of the line.
• 25 stations in various configurations (center platform, side platforms and split side platforms).
• Seven underground stations, four at the Marina District, one at Entertainment City, one at Energy City, one at Qatar Petroleum District and one at the Pearl-Qatar station.
• One viaduct to accommodate LRT passengers with a connection to the regional railway.
• One LRT depot and operation, maintenance and storage facility and test track, utilizing the latest state-of-the-art 'Catenary free' train power service.
Qatar Railways Company (QRC)
The Railway Projects include below sections:
1- Qatar metro line, 212 km
2- Construction of a long distance line, 490 km
3- Lusil light rail, 28 km
4- Westbay transit system, 19
It will feature 350 km of track, 170 km of which are underground, 100 stations (seven of which are underground), 70 km elevated line and 110 km tunnel. It is planned that a passenger rail line to be extended from Doha to Saudi Arabia, 180 km from Doha to Bahrain and 35 km freight line.
The railway shall enjoy a state of the art, safe and environmentally friendly system meeting the Qatar needs.
Ministry of Transportation and
Eng. Ali Humede
Tel.: (+974) 40 12 2581
Qatar Railways Company (QRC)
Legal Status of Company: established
Address: 231 Suhaim Bin Hamad Street (C-Ring
Road), Al Sadd Area 38, Doha,
P.O. Box: 29988
Mr. Sheikh Abdulla Bin Nasser Bin Khalifa Al-Thani
Tel.: (+974) 44 97 4886
Fax: (+974) 44 97 4333
Chief Executive Officer
Mr. Abdulla Al Subaie, Managing Director