In line with applying the new structure of the International Union of Railways (UIC) and shifting this union from the European to the global dimension, the new structure of UIC was finalized at the 69th General Assembly (7 Dec., 2006, Paris- France), aiming at global and strategic cooperation for the regional railway development. Consequently, the new statute of UIC was ratified in 2009.
For expanding the activities and utilizing the potentials of the regions, the International Union of Railways (UIC) was divided into 6 regions in the global dimension that works under the auspices of the Headquarters of UIC. The UIC Middle East Regional Assembly is one of them, which has officially started its activity 2009. The Turkish State Railways (TCDD) chairs the Regional Assembly, RAI (Iran), SRO (Saudi Arabia), and ARC (Jordan) are as the vices representatively. This Assembly is composed of the railways of Turkey (TCDD), Iran (RAI), Saudi Arabia (SRO), Jordan (ARC), Iraq (IRR), Syria (CFS), Afghanistan (ARA), Qatar (QRC), United Arab Emirates (FTA), Oman (Oman Rail), Jordan Hejaz Railways (JHR), Syrian Hejaz Railways (SHR), Rail Pardaz Seir Co. from Iran, Ma'an Development Area (MDA) from Jordan, and TCDD Taşımacılık A.Ş. from Turkey.
The UIC M.E. Regional Office is located in Tehran, Headquarters of Iranian Railways.